Ar. Anjali Kawatra
Associate Professor SDCA
Sustainability in Indian settlements is static and is based on the living practices. India has got diversified climatic, topological and vast socio conditions due to which each region has its own unique identity with climate base responsive building designs and its knowledge in the form of vernacular architecture. This traditional wisdom of building human habitats is known to be tested by time for its sustainability in various settlements, through planning, orientation, materials and architectural practices evolved from long time due to socio, economic and environmental factors.
Factors results in two levels i.e. macro and micro level. Macro level broadly focuses on planning & architecture aspects. Micro level describes art,architectural details and socio practice affecting built habitat. Trained designers of modern era have mostly ignored it. The study of local vernacular architecture and lessons about climate responsive planning, techniques can be helpful to generate an approach towards green building design.
If the roots are alive……it gives rise to new shoots…..Patrick Geddes
A wake-up call for architects, builders, designers and for all of us came in 1990’s when we realised that the building industry consumes nearly 50% major part of energy produced in the world. It was also contributing majorly to worlds greenhouse gas emissions and became a threat towards sustainability. Sustainable development can be achieved by architects, engineers, town planners by working together to produce green buildings that are designed, built, renovated, operated or again used in ecological and resource efficient manner. Green building is the call of mother earth.
Green building is an approach that emphasizes the place of buildings within both local ecosystems and in global environmental also. Green building increases energy efficiency while reducing building impact on human health and environment by construction, operation and maintenance. It has become a marketing tool and most of the time is superficial practice approach based on westernised adoption. LEED a green rating system is fully based on western. TERI GRIHA and ECBC are being devised but not practices very seriously. It is well known that energy efficiency and sustainability are very well interwoven and well rooted in Indian traditional architecture and Indian culture. India is a country of diversified climatic, topological and socio Cultural conditions. Each region has its own identity with climate responsive building design in the form
of vernacular architecture.
Indians as a part of a developed and amongst the first known civilization of the past, devised various techniques to suit various climatic conditions in different tropical zones of the subcontinent, which developed world has envisaged as Green Architecture or Green Building concepts today.