Saloni Bandhu , Asst. Professor at Sunder Deep College of Architecture, Ghaziabad
Smart city is a city of Human, Social, traditional, modern communication, infrastructure, fuel sustainable, economic development & high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources through participatory governance.
The city agendas are city operation systems i.e City Services should run smoothly, City User systems i.e businesses and employment for the people should be generated, City Infrastructure systems i.e Water, Communication, Energy & Transport should be provided to all.
Government of India announced 100 smart cities in the year 2014.

SMART CITIES stand for:

Standards
Standards can be defined as a Set of Rules & Regulations or A framework & guidelines to execute certain project or Task.

Relationship between Smart Cities & Standards
“Cities will have to navigate a whole host of challenges in their pursuit of sustainability. Setting international standards to govern sectors like mobility, energy and water in the urban development process will be crucial to enable smart cities to reach their goals.”
However, they are one common denominator that greatly simplifies this task.
Standards support the development of tailor-made solutions that can be adapted to the particular circumstances of a given city.

Ways Standards make a city Smarter
 Standards make things work safely and smoothly together at every level in cities.
 They provide the foundation for electricity access and they support the information and
communication technologies that enable data collection, exchange and analysis, and
information security.
 Standards will support smooth and integrated Smart City development.
 Standards provide important guidance for all aspects of city life, including energyefficient
buildings, intelligent transportation, improved waste management, building
sustainable communities and much, much more.

How Standards can make a city Smarter?
The answer is by integrating GRIHA Standards and Guidelines in Smart City Project.
GRIHA – Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment
GRIHA Council, is mandated to promote development of buildings and habitats in India through GRIHA.
GRIHA Council is an independent platform for the interaction on scientific and administrative issues related to sustainable habitats in the Indian subcontinent.
It was founded by TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi) with support from MNRE (Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India) along with a handful of experts in the sustainability of built environment from across the country

Key Highlights of GRIHA
 Sets out guidelines for design, construction and operation.
 Combination of qualitative and quantitative criteria.
 Sets performances benchmarks for key resources like, energy and water.
 Facilitates integration of traditional knowledge on architecture with present day technology
 Integrates all relevant Indian codes and standards (e.g National building code 2005,Energy Conservation Building Code 2007, IS codes)
 Is in complete alignment with government policies and programs (e.g Environmental clearance by the MoEF)

Criterions of GRIHA

Site Planning
 Criterion 1 Site selection
 Criterion 2 Preserve and protect landscape during construction
 Criterion 3 Soil conservation (till post-construction)
 Criterion 4 Design to include existing site features
 Criterion 5 Reduce hard paving on-site and/or provide shaded hard-paved surfaces
 Criterion 6 Enhance outdoor lighting system efficiency and use renewable energy system for meeting outdoor lighting requirement
 Criterion 7 Plan utilities efficiently and optimize on-site circulation efficiency

Health and Well Being
 Criterion 8 Provide minimum level of sanitation/safety facilities for construction workers
 Criterion 9 Reduce air pollution during construction

Building Planning and Construction Stage
 Criterion 10 Reduce landscape water requirement
 Criterion 11 Reduce the water use by the building
 Criterion 12 Efficient water use during construction
 Criterion 13 Optimize building design to reduce conventional energy demand
 Criterion 14 Optimize energy performance of building within specified comfort limits
 Criterion 15 Utilization of flyash in building structure
 Criterion 16 Reduce volume and weight, and time of construction by adopting efficient technologies
 Criterion 17 Use low-energy material in interiors
 Criterion 18 Renewable energy utilization
 Criterion 19 Renewable-energy-based hot water system

Recycle, Recharge & Reuse
 Criterion 20 Waste-water treatment
 Criterion 21 Water recycle and reuse (including rainwater)

Waste Management
 Criterion 22 Reduction in waste during construction
 Criterion 23 Efficient waste segregation
 Criterion 24 Storage and disposal of wastes
 Criterion 25 Resource recovery from waste

Health & Well Being
 Criterion 26 Use low-VOC paints/adhesives/sealants
 Criterion 27 Minimize ozone depleting substances
 Criterion 28 Ensure water quality
 Criterion 29 Acceptable outdoor and indoor noise levels
 Criterion 30 Tobacco smoke control
 Criterion 31 Provide at least the minimum level of accessibility for persons with disabilities

Building Operation and Maintenance
 Criterion 32 Energy audit and validation
 Criterion 33 Operation and maintenance

These criterions of GRIHA help in having a sustainable development.

GRIHA RATING SYSTEM
 Set of 34 criteria
 100 points & (+4 innovation points)
 Point system with differential weight age on various Criteria


Therefore five ways to make our cities smarter are by having a global outlook, smart standards and regulations, public private partnership for economic sustainability, local innovation and last but not the least developing and implementing Environment Friendly rules n regulations for each Country and its city.

References:

GRIHA Manual
http://news.mit.edu/2016/making-cities-smarter-0601
https://www.tuv-sud.com/home-com/resource-centre/stories/world-standards-day-2017
https://fp.brecorder.com/2017/10/20171015226552/
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/10/5-ways-to-make-our-cities-smarter/
http://www.sgs.com/en/news/2017/10/sgs-celebrates-world-standards-day-2017-standards-make-cities-smarter
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/qingdao/2017-06/22/content_29848297.htm
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/qingdao/2017-06/30/content_29944686_2.htm
https://www.iso.org/news/ref2231.html
http://www.ioti.com/industrial-iot-iiot/managing-digital-transformation
http://anz.smartcitiescouncil.com/resources/guidance-note-smart-cities-standards
http://anz.smartcitiescouncil.com/resources/guidance-note-smart-cities-standards
http://smartcitiescouncil.com/smart-cities-information-center/smart-city-examples

Recent Blog

Submerged Floating Tunnels

October 11, 2018

Food for Thought

September 29, 2018

Leave a Reply