“CHILD IS THE FATHER OF MAN” the famous lines by William Wordworth. It symbolizes the need of children in building a healthy nation and society. According to Hindu philosphy, a child is considered to be form of God. India is better known to be the country of Dhruv, Prahlad, Lav-Kush and Abhimanyu, the children having talents wisdom, intelligency and warriership.
Child labour is violation of human rights and is considered to be a ‘necessary evil’ in any country in the whole world.They are employed in hotels, workshops, service stations, shops, construction sites and pulling rickshaws etc. They are even working in hazardous and unhygienic forms of labour in manufacturing factories.
Article 24 of the Constitution of India says, “No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or employed in any hazardous employment”.
Indian legislature has also enacted the Factories Act, 1948 , The Children Act, 1960, The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 etc. for the protection of rights of children.
Article 45 of the Constitution of India casts duty on the State to endeavour to provide free and compulsory education to the children.
Article 25(2) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights also states about the special care and assistance for the motherhood and children.
For the past few years, work done by the Government of India and the States Government in this issue is praiseworthy. Many new schemes and policies are introduced for the education and betterment of the children. But, this problem is still in existence in India even though all these policies are available in India. Every child has his right to enjoy his childhood. But inspite of this throughout the world about 250million children are child labourer. Due to poverty poor parents put their children to work in order to supplement the family’s economic status.All such adverse practices are to be abolished once for all, without leaving its traces for future generations.