Electronics Engineering

ECE Engineering as a branch which deals with flow of electrons which causes currents. ECE is a branch of the low voltage electronic devices and circuits, communication processes and equipments like transmitter, receiver, and antennas.
An ECE engineers are designing and maintaining the satellites, which provide connectivity of TV, Telephone and Internet service into remote and rural regions.
They are creating the advanced communication services and facilities called value added services viz. Call divert, video conferencing to connect peoples together all around the world.

Why ECE?

If someone to ask me that why do you have chosen ECE as your branch? I would answer; it’s a most challenging branch of the world. As life without electronics is a worst life ever. It’s a multi-dimensional branch thus an EC engineers have an opportunity to pick his carrier dimensions as we are living in an age of science and digitization. The role of ECE is to increase the comfort zone of humans and making life luxurious. Imagine a day without electricity.

Popular areas of study in ECE

Taking the educational scope and career choices into consideration, here are the popular areas of study in the field of Electronics and Communication.

  1. Embedded systems

    Embedded Systems are one of the leading specializations in the field of Electronics and Communications. These systems are a combination of hardware and software that are dedicated for a specific function. These systems are programmed systems in which software is usually embedded in to the hardware to perform particular tasks.

  2. VLSI

    The motive behind Electronics has always stood on three principles –

    • Speed.
    • Compactness (size).
    • Affordability.

    VLSI is the discipline of ECE that engages all of the above principles efficiently. It is the most widely used technology for Integrated Circuits (ICs), Microchips, and Component designing. An Acronym for Very Large-Scale Integration, VLSI is the phenomenon of integrating hundreds of thousands of transistors on a single Silicon Microchip. VLSI was one of the biggest contributions to Electronics and Communication.

  3. Wireless Communication

    Wireless Communication plays a significant role in our daily lives. This type of Communication incorporates the technique of communication between two or more systems without any physical medium or channel. A great example is Wi-Fi. Some of the important types of Wireless communication are –

    • Satellite Communication.
    • Microwave Communication.
    • Radio Communication.
    • Mobile Communication.
  4. Robotics

    Another important branch of Electronics and Communication is Robotics. This field deals with the construction, utilization, and control of machines that can replicate human motions. Robots are machines that are used to substitute human labor for various tasks. Robotics is a hot trend in the field of Electronics and Communications.

  5. Digital Image Processing

    Digital Image Processing is the discipline that deals with the processing of digital images with the help of computer algorithms. Consequently, this branch has many advantages. A major merit is the improvement of pictorial representation in terms of signal noise and signal distortion.

  6. Analog and Digital Electronics

    Electronics and Communication Engineering is divided into two broad categories. Analog Electronics is the field in which electronic systems deal with a continuously variable signal, While Digital electronics deal with the signals taking only to levels. This stream deals with basic gates, combinational logic circuits, transistors, amplifiers, flip-flops and many more devices.

  7. Internet of Things

    The IoT was one technology that took the world by storm. IoT crept into almost every sphere of technology, be it Healthcare, Home appliances, or Security systems. Furthermore, the Internet of Things is so efficient that every difficult task can be simplified by introducing IoT into it. Therefore, the IoT will continue to be a leading trend in the coming years.

The merits of choosing ECE

Now that we are familiar with the scope of Electronics and Communication, it is time to talk about why ECE is one of the best disciplines to choose.

  1. The ability to switch between Hardware and Software fields –

    The most important benefits that Electronics and Communication branch provides you is freedom. the freedom to drift between hardware field and software field. Furthermore this is also the reason that a lot of industries choose to prefer Electronics and Communications engineers over other engineers. During the four years of Electronics and Communication Engineering, students gain the knowledge of both the hardware and the software aspects. While they learn about electronic circuits, devices, and communication systems, they also learn about an embedded systems, programming languages, and assembly languages. An Electronics and Communication Engineer, who has knowledge about the hardware field, and also has a grip over some computer languages, will be more successful during his career than another student who are proficients only in the software field. Hence, Electronics and Communication Engineers can switch from hardware to software field, but it is not the other way around.

  2. The range of Electronics and Communication –

    When we think about ECE, we usually picture people working in Integrated Chip (IC) manufacturing industries. However, Electronics and Communication is a far more versatile field. Earlier in this article, we reviewed the wide range of career opportunities offered by ECE. Electronics and Communications encompasses fields such as computer engineering, control systems, image processing, power systems, opto-electronics, analog and digital circuit designing, and many other fields. Consequently, ECE students are free to choose one of the many fields offered by ECE according to their passion and capabilities. Therefore Electronics and Communication is an extremely vast field.